Jargon Buster

The following Jargon Buster was compiled with the Parent Council in order that parents and carers can have a better understanding if we occasionally lapse into ‘educational jargon’ speak. If we do use a term that you do not understand and you feel it may well benefit inclusion in the Jargon Buster, then please do email this to office@attleboroughacademy.org

AAP Associate Assistant Principal
Academy A state funded school which is directly funded by the Department for Education and independent of Local Authority control.
Academy Converter A school that has chosen through Governing Body Resolution and application to the Secretary of State to become an Academy under the Academies Act 2010. They can be a ‘stand alone’ Academy or choose to join a sponsor.
Academy (Sponsor Led) A school that was directed by the Secretary of State to become an Academy under the Academies Act 2010. They can be a ‘stand alone’ Academy or choose to join a sponsor.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A condition whereby a child has difficulty in maintaining concentration and is unable to stay on task due to hyperactivity.


Assessment for Learning
Using evidence from assessment to check student progress and inform teachers’ planning.


Assessing Pupil Progress
A system for using assessment criteria to assess progress and inform planning.

Assessment Ways of judging how well students are progressing.
Attainment What students accomplish.

Attitude to Learning
Every student is graded on this in every subject each term.

Awarding Bodies The Exam Boards who award examination results.

Behaviour for Learning
A code that sets out the behaviour expected of students.

Bridge Centre The Bridge Centre is the informal name of the Inclusion Centre and is the place where the Student Support Team are based.
British Values

A Government initiative to promote tolerance and equality. The British Values are:

  • Democracy
  • Rule of law
  • Individul liberty
  • Mutual respect and tolerance of those of different faiths and beliefs

Barrier to Learning
Some students perform less well than we would like because of specific barriers. The BTL is an optional column when ATL data is reported which is designed to flag up students where organisation, literacy or numeracy or combinations of them are preventing the student from progressing as well as we would like.


Centre Assessed Grades
In 2020, CAGs were used to replace exams. They were estimated by teachers based on what the students would most likely have achieved if there had been exams.

Catchment Area A defined geographical area from which a school takes its students.
CBT Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Centre Exam boards and the JCQ refer to schools as ‘centres’ the places where exams take place.
CG Current Grade
Citizenship The subject which covers three inter-related areas: social and moral responsibility, community involvement and political literacy.
Classy Celia The report that is used to compare a class' predicted grades to their target grades. This should be used to drive intervention by class teachers and Subject Leaders.
Code of Practice (SEND) A guide to schools and Local Authorities (LAs) about the help they can give to children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND).
Community Schools Schools wholly funded by the Local Authority (LA).
Core Curriculum English, Mathematics and a Science; those subjects which must be studied by all students.
Curriculum All the courses and learning opportunities a school offers or a course of study being followed by a child. What is taught, when it is taught and how it is taught.
DfE The Department for Education
Differentiation The way in which the school’s curriculum and teaching methods are adapted to meet the needs of children of differing abilities.
Disadvantaged (Pupil) For statistical purposes, the DfE defines 'Disadvantaged' students as children who have qualified for Free School Meals (FSM) in the past six years, children with a parent in the armed services, looked after children (in the care system) and children who have previously been looked after. National trends are that these students tend to perform less well than their non-disadvantaged ('other') peers. Raising the attainment of disadvantaged students is a priority of the DfE. Disadvantaged students attract extra funding through the Pupil Premium process and the Academy is measure on their success.

Depth of Learning Grid
A collection of Depth of Learning Indicators (DLIs) for a particular subject.


Depth of Learning Indicator
Used for Key Stage 3 assessment.


Designated Safeguarding Lead and
Alternate Designated Safeguarding Leads

The members of staff responsible for Child Protection.  At Attleborough Academy, the DSL is Michala Parks and the Alternate DSLs are Charlotte Fagg, Marie Medley and Caroline Phoenix.

Dyscalculia Dyscalculia affects the ability to acquire arithmetical skills. Sufferers may have difficulty understanding simple number concepts and often have problems learning number facts and procedures.
Dyslexia A learning difficulty of which the chief manifestation is a particular difficulty with reading and spelling. For more information go to the British Dyslexia Association.
Dyspraxia Dyspraxia is generally recognised as an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. Associated with this may be problems of language, perception and thought.
EBACC The English Baccalaureate (EBacc) is a school performance measure linked to the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). It is not a qualification. It measures the percentage of students in a school who achieve 5+ A*- C grades in traditionally academic GCSE subjects (English, Mathematics, Science. History or Geography and a Language).
EBD Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

Education, Health and Care Plan
An EHCP is a legal document which sets out a description of your child’s needs (what he or she can and cannot do) and what needs to be done to meet those needs by education, health and social care. Generally, only a very small number of children with especially complex and severe needs which require very high levels of support are issued with an EHCP. They are a more comprehensive replacement for ‘statements’.


Education Funding Agency
The EFA administers education revenue and capital funding for learners between the ages of 3 and 19, or up to 25 for those with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities.

It also supports building and maintenance programmes for schools, academies, free schools and Sixth Form colleges.

EFA is an executive agency of the Department for Education.

Equal Opportunities The principle of non-discrimination which emphasizes that opportunities in school should be freely available to everyone irrespective of their age, race, sex, religion, political association, ethnic origin, or any other individual or group characteristic unrelated to ability, performance, and qualification. The chance for everyone, no matter what their ability background to participate in school life/curriculum.
Evaluation The making of a judgement about the success of something e.g. how well did it work?
Exam Boards The organisation who decide on the content for exam courses and set and mark the exam questions.
Faculty At Attleborough Academy, subjects are loosely grouped into faculties. The core subjects are led by a Head of Faculty and other subjects are individually led by Subject Leaders.

Further Education
The FE sector in England includes further education colleges, Sixth Form colleges, specialist colleges and adult education institutes. It does not include universities.

FSM Free School Meals
FSM - Ever Six Any student who has been registered for Free School Meals in the last six years.
FTE Fixed Term Exclusion
Functional Skills Functional Skills are practical skills in English, Maths and ICT that help learners gain the most out of work, education and everyday life.

Gifted and Talented
The gifted are those with high ability in one or more academic subject and the talented are those with a high ability in sport, music, visual arts and/or performing arts.

GCSE General Certificate of Secondary Education
Gold Groups At Attleborough Academy, we have vertical tutor (form) groups from Year 7 to Year 10. Year 11 stand alone and are split into ‘Gold’ groups in order to prepare for GCSE.
Growth Mindset In a growth mindset, people believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work - brains and talent are just the starting point. This view creates a love of learning and a resilience that is essential for great achievement.
HLTA Higher Level Teaching Assistant
HOF Head of Faculty
HOH Head of House
HOY Head of Year

Every student at Attleborough Academy is organised into one of four houses:

  • Boudicca
  • Cavell
  • Kett
  • Nelson

Houses are led by a Head of House (a teacher) working with House Captains (students).


Information Advice and Guidance
To inform students about their options for further education and training.

ICT Information and Communication Technology

Individual Education Plan
Drawn up by a school’s SENCO (Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator). It sets targets for a child to achieve and a date for a review of progress.

Inclusion The process by which schools, Local Education Authorities and others develop their cultures, policies and practices to include and provide for ALL students’ needs no matter what their background or ability is.

In- Service Education and Training
INSET days are set aside to allow teachers to update their skills and knowledge in order to raise student achievement.


Joint Council for Qualifications
The National organisation that oversees examination administration.

KCSiE Keeping Children Safe in Education
The statutory guidance from the Department of Education that sets out the legal duties that govern all schools and colleges in England when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children under the age of 18.
Key Stage (e.g. KS3, KS4) Your child’s progress through school is measured in Key Stages. Key Stage 1 covers students aged from 5-7, Key Stage 2 from 7-11, Key Stage 3 from 11–14, Key Stage 4 from 14–16 and Key Stage 5 from 16-18.

Local Authority
A body responsible for providing education for pupils of school age in its area. It also has responsibility for early years, the youth service and adult education.


Looked after Children
The term ‘looked after children’ is defined in law under the Children Act 1989. A child is looked after by a Local Authority if he or she is in their care or is provided with accommodation for more than 24 hours by the authority.


Local Education Authority
This was the part of the Local Council that was responsible for education. The phrase is now obsolete in official use and has been replaced by the Children Services Authority or commonly known as Local Authority.

Learning Difficulty If a child has a learning difficulty, he or she may find it harder to learn, understand and communicate than it is for other children.

Learning Support Assistant
A non-teaching member of staff who helps to meet the educational needs of children. LSAs support teachers in classes and work with small groups or individual students in extraction.


Leadership Team
The Leadership Team is made up of the Executive Principal, Deputy Principal and Assistant Principal, Associate Assistant Principals, Director of Administration and Director of Student Support.

MEG The Minimum Expected Grade a Key Stage 4 student should be aiming for.
MEL The Minimum Expected Level a Key Stage 3 student should be aiming for.
MLD Moderate Learning Difficulties

Management Team
The Academy's Management Team includes everyone who holds a TLR2 and TLR1 responsibility and those on the Leadership Team.

National Curriculum The basic framework setting out what children aged 5-16 in state schools should learn.

The Office of Qualifications and Examination Regulations
The Government body that oversees exams/qualifications.


Office for Standards in Education
The body which inspects state funded schools. OFSTED inspectors produce education reports to help improve schools.

OPP One Page Profile
Drawn up by the Student Support Team, it sets targets for a child to achieve and a date for a review of progress.
Participation Do all students join in? Can they?
PDBW Personal Development, Behaviour and Welfare
PEEP Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan
PEX Permanent Exclusion
PFG Parent Focus Group
Representative of the Academy's parental body, the PFG serves as a consultative and advisory group (but without delegated monitoring and reporting responsibility) and meets with the LT on a termly basis.

Prepared for Learning
This is our protocol to ensure students are ready for lessons (i.e. have the correct stationary equipment etc).


Pupil Premium
The Pupil Premium is additional funding for publicly funded schools in England to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils and close the gap between them and their peers.

Progress 8 Progress 8 is a measure of the progress children make between the end of primary school and the end of secondary school. It considers English, Maths and six other subjects.
PSED Public Sector Equality Duty
The PSED is a duty on public authorities to consider or think about how their policies or decisions affect people who are protected under the Equality Act. The Academy's PSED objectives are published on the website.
Safeguarding To promote the safety and wellbeing of all students and staff at Attleborough Academy. This includes Child Protection.
SEMHD Social, Emotional Mental Health Difficulties

Special Educational Needs
Learning difficulties, talents or other needs, for which a child requires extra help.


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities
A child or young person has special educational needs and disabilities if they have a learning difficulty and/or a disability that means they need special health and education support.


Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator
The teacher in a school who is responsible for arranging the extra help for children with Special Educational Needs.


Sapientia Education Trust
The family of schools that Attleborough Academy belongs to.


Senior Leadership Team
The Academy’s Senior Leadership Team includes the Executive Principal, Deputy Principal and Assistant Principal.


Senior Management Team
The Senior Management Team is made up of members from the Senior Leadership Team, the Leadership Team, the Wider Leadership Team, the SENCO, Heads of Faculty and Heads of Key Stage 3 and 4.


Specific Learning Difficulty
A child has a Specific Learning Difficulty if they have an identified problem with one or more areas of the curriculum, usually reading, writing, spelling and/or number work.

SRB Specialist Resource Base
The SRB extracts some students from lessons to give them support as individuals or in small groups.

Student Support Mentor
Student Support Mentors form the Student Support Team.


Senior Student Support Mentor
A senior member of the Student Support Team who hold additional responsibilities such as being an Alternate Designated Safeguarding Leads and line managing other members of the team.

Support Staff Members of staff employed by the Academy to provide all support other than teaching.

Teacher Assessed Grades
In 2021, TAGs were used to replace exams. They required teachers to gather, mark and moderate evidence to show what grades students were working at.

The grades given have to be based on evidence only.

Targets The individual goals set for a child. Targets are a way of checking the child’s progress.
Vertical Tutor Groups Tutor groups made up of students from Year 7 to Year 10.

Virtual Staff Room
Our Intranet where staff can access the most important documents in a SharePoint Library, known as the ‘VSR’ (Virtual Staff Room).


Wider Leadership Team
The Wider Leadership Team is made up of members from the Senior Leadership Team, the Leadership Team and the Heads of Faculty for English, Maths and Science.

Work Experience A system which allows students approaching the end of secondary education the opportunity to take part in work placements.
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